GPPS

photo courtesy of
Christy Fix

Greater Phoenix Pond Society
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
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Note: The Greater Phoenix Pond Society does not necessarily endorse businesses whose website may be linked, nor do we guarantee the quality of their products.

Similar FAQs are grouped by links below:
Plants, Aeration, Ponds, Fish, General Information,
Aquatic and Other Critters, Technical Committee Reports.


Plants

Question: Can Irises grow in the Phoenix desert area?
The answer is yes. Irises come in different types. Those that will grow in the Phoenix desert area are: Bearded, Aril and Arilbred, Spuria, and Louisiana. Of those types the first four are land locked (webmaster's terminology about Irises) plants. Only Louisiana Irises are aquatic (webmaster's terminology about Irises) and love to have wet feet. Louisianan irises are great for bogs.

There are varieties of each type that bloom early, middle, and late in the season. Irises like sun, but if only partial sun is available -- morning sun of six hours is preferred. Irises will not bloom in deep shade. Land locked Irises like well drained soil. Water should not stand in the bed. They like good air circulation. Provide space according to the type of iris.

The American Iris Society, Inc. (AIS) is the national non-profit organization and its website is www.irises.org/. AIS has regions and Arizona is part of Region 15 and has a web site www.region15ais.org/. The Greater Phoenix area has the "Sun Country Iris Society" and contact information may be found at www.suncountryiris.org/.

There are Iris Societies in the Prescot area named "Prescott Area Iris Society" (PAIS), and Tucson named "Tucson Area Iris Society" (TAIS) with a website http://tucsoniris.org/

Question: Is there a plant watering guide for this desert area?   

Question: Can daylilies grow in the Phoenix area?
The answer is yes, but they need to be special versions that do not go dormant. They can not take the hot summer sun directly. While they need sunlight to bloom, morning is best, but they need shade from the afternoon glaring sun. Darker flowers burn up sooner than the yellow or pink. They also may need some special attention with watering and insulating the roots (in double pots with air gaps or insulation.

There is no website for the greater phoenix area, yet anyway. But, there is a local organization that is a part of the national.

The American Hemerocallis Society, Inc. (AHS) is a non-profit organization and its website is www.daylilies.org. It has regions and Arizona is part of Region 7. The Greater Phoenix area has the "Desert Daylily Society" and contact information may be found at www.daylilies.org/AHSreg7.html#arizona. They have a Daylily Tour and a Daylily Show annually. They only meet ever two or three months at the Scottsdale Civic Center.

A Daylily lover website can be found at http://www.day-lily.com/  image stating updated!

Question: Is there a Canna Virus affecting the Cannas?   
The answer is yes, and appears to have spread world wide.

Be careful mail ordering Cannas.

Here is a links to information about canna virus and pests.
www.cooltropicalplants.com/Canna-pests-and-diseases.html.


Question: What is the name of the water lily plant with the huge leaves?   
Reprinted in part, with permission of The Hudson Gardens Logo image for The Hudson Gardens.

The three to nine foot wide lily is commonly called Victoria or Victoria Amazon.

Also known as:
- Queen of the Water Lilies
- Royal Water Lily
- Amazon Water Lily
- Santa Cruz Water Lily
- Giant Water Platter

The large leaves have spiny underside that protects it from being eaten by some fish.

Victoria is a genus of water lilies, in the plant family Nymphaeaceae, and two species Victoria amazonica and the Victoria cruziana. They are water plants with very large leaves that float on the water's surface. Victoria amazonica has a leaf that is up to 9 ft in diameter, on a stalk 22-26 ft in length. The genus name was given in honor of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. It is native to the Amazon River basin, hence part of the name.

The day before the plant flowers, a tennis-ball sized bud rises out of the water. At sunset on the first night of its bloom cycle, the bud opens to reveal a 50+ petal bloom that may be up to 18" in diameter. The bloom is sharply white and glows in the darkening night sky. As the flowering Victoria opens, it emits a strong fragrance of tuberose, pineapple and banana that can be sensed from 20 - 30 feet away. It also radiates heat and is considerably warmer than the surrounding air. At this stage, the Victoria is female, seeking to be pollinated. The bright flower, heat, and strong fragrance combine to attract pollinating scarab beetles. Several pollen - covered beetles enter the flower and stay for the night, feasting on the starchy nectar. As dawn approaches, the temperature of the flower cools, and the fragrance disappears. The bloom closes and traps the beetles inside for the day, allowing the pollen-covered beetles to fertilize the Victoria. At sunset of the second night, the bloom re-opens and the beetles are released. At this point, the flower has pink or red petals, and has changed not only color, but gender as well-- it is now male. The beetles leave in search of a first-night blooming Victoria, and the original flower remains open for the rest of the night. After the second night ends, the pollinated flower sinks back into the water, allowing the seeds to germinate and mature.

The flowers are white the first night they are open and become pink the second night, and are gone the next day. The night-blooming flowers that appear for only 48 hours once a year, in late July to early August. However each plant may produce multiple blooms.
Since those beetles are not native to the USA, the flowers must be hand pollenated.

Victoria Longwood is a hybrid created by crossing the two native plants, the Victoria amazonica and the Victoria cruziana produced by The Hudson Gardens, Littleton, CO http://www.hudsongardens.org/

The growing season, the container and the size of the pond influence the size of the leaves. Dead leaves must be removed quickly to reduce the development of loads of muck in the bottom of the pond.

Question: Is there a plant related to the Victoria?
Euryale ferox is closely related to the Victoria. Webmaster presumes authorization to link to the webpages at, due to no-reply by the webmaster @:


www.victoria-adventure.org/victoria/euryale_gallery.html


Question: Is floating water hyacinth a noxious weed in Arizona? What about Parrot's feather?
The short answer is YES to water hyacinth (WH) being declared a noxious weed! WH is listed on the Arizona Department of Agriculture (AZDA) web site page "Prohibited, Regulated and Restricted Noxious Weeds." Floating water hyacinth appears under all three headings: Prohibited, Regulated, and Restricted. "Prohibited" plant are prohibited from entry (shipped) into the state. "Regulated" and "Restricted" plants if found within the state shall be quarantined to prevent further infestation or contamination. What does that mean, if found on your property - you will be required to destroy them.

Note: GPPS Webmaster -- If a business sells plants, they are inspected by the AZDA for compliance with the noxious weed restrictions. So plants sold at nursureys and do-it-yourself centers should be safe to purchase. However, do NOT trust online vendors -- they may not know the particulars of Arizona.

Source: Arizona Department of Agriculture

University of Arizona, Cooperative Extension: "The term noxious weed is not the same as invasive plant. An important distinction is that noxious weed is a regulatory term and is any plant designated by a federal, state or county government to be injurious to public health, agriculture, recreation, wildlife, or property. Noxious weeds are regulated with respect to their transport, sale, and eradication efforts. Not all invasive plants that occur in Arizona are noxious weeds." Note: GPPS Webmaster -- Parrot's feather is "invasive" but not noxious.

Source: University of Arizona, Cooperative Extension: "Invasive Plants on Small Acreage Properties in Arizona" (pdf)

This answer has been reviewed by AZDA, Plant Services Department as being accurate.

Question: Is there a difference between Water Hyacinth and Frog's Bit?
Both plants are invasive and can choke other plants out of waterways. Frog's Bit is native to Florida. It is not listed, currently, on the AZ Department of Agricultures list. Two Utube videos were found about identifying the Water Hyacinth and Frog's Bit.

Sources:
Utube: "Water Hyacinth"

Utube: "Frog's Bit"


Question: Are there categories of water plants?
Plants vary within four categories: deep-water, marginals, oxygenators, and floaters.

Question: How do plants filter a pond?
Plants use nitrates and phosphates removing them and thereby filtering the pond. These items could contribute to algae growth.

Question: Do water lilies require sunlight?
Both hardy and tropical water lilies like sun light. They need at least five to ten hours per day, along with regular fertilization, to keep them happy.

Question: What is the difference between a hardy lily and a tropical lily?
Tropical lilies have many blooms per plant than hardy lilies, and go dormant in the winter time. Tropicals are strongly aromatic and hold flowers above the water. Many tropicals have viviparous leaves and flowers come in all colors. Hardy lilies have slight to no aroma. Hardy lily flowers float on water surface and there are no blue or purple colors. Hardy lilies keep their foliage all year round and have no viviparous leaves. Many varieties of tropical lilies are night bloomers, whereas hardy lilies do not.

Source is a chart from William Tricker, Inc., 7125 Tanglewood Dr., Independence, OH 44131. It is copyrighted material. Permission has been granted to link to this chart by the company. Note the link will open a separate instance of your browser.

Characteristics of Tropical Water Lily and Hardy Water Lilly

Question: What are marginal plants in a water garden?
Marginals (sometimes called "bog" plants) are grass-like plants grow in shallow areas no deeper than six inches. They border the water garden. Some examples are: Cattail, bamboo, rush, and papyrus. Other plants fall into the family of marginals and grow with a minimum of three hours of sun light.

The "Hughes Water Garden" link describing marginal plants

Question: Propagating tropical water lilies?
Viviparous (vip's) starts grow easily in conditions that they like. No special equipment is required, 70-80 degree water, fair to good light.

Once the vip's have formed roots and shoots, they are independent plants and will continue to develop as long as conditions remain favorable.

Question: Where would I find the clay soil for repotting my water lilies?
Some people feel that the unsented kitty liter is the best for water lilies because it is normally clay based. Where ever you can find unsented kitty liter that is clay based is the best comment on where to find it.

Two of our members has cited a red 25 pound bag at Wal-Mart as the cheapest and manageable.

Two other members have cited sand from the building and garden departments of Home Depot and Lowes. They add some of their own top soil.

One member cited "pond plant soil", which looks suspiciously like sand, at Summer Winds Nursery.

Question: What elephant's ear can I plant and where?
There are three genuses of plants known as elephant's ear. alocasia, colocasia, and xanthisoma colocasia.

Alocasia is the taro that is grown in standing water all over the Pacific as food. There are many cultivars that are popular ornamentals for ponds and bogs. Many have dark purple or almost black leaves. Alocasia will grow in moist soil as well as standing water.

Colocasia is the genus of the Giant elephants'ear and 'african mask' grown as a house plant. It is native to Central and South America. Colocasia will rot in water. So no standing water.

Xanthisoma colocasia like to be in water up to 6 in. But, xanthisoma must dry out a little every once in a while, just not bone dry.

A regular fertilizing every month is good during the growing season. A balanced, 20-20-20, fertilizer or water-soluble kind such as Miracle Grow or Peters is fine.

Question: Can I introducing pests and diseases to my plants?
The answer is YES, unless you make preparations to disinfect any new plant before adding it into your water garden.

Two methods are: potassium permanganate (pp) crystals dissolved at the rate of about 1 tablespoon per 2 gallons of water is an effective disinfectant. Soak plants in this pp solution for a couple of hours. Also soak the leaves (no roots) in a vinegar solution of about 10 mil per 10 liters of water.

Question: What are some oxygenating plants?
A few are: Hornwort, Water Thyme, Parrot Feather, and Mares Tail.

The "Hughes Water Garden" link describing oxygenating plants

Question: What are some floating plants?
A few are: Water Lettuce, Water Soldier, Floating Fern, Duckweed, Azolla, fairy moss. A popular plant, Water Hyacinth, is illegal to sell or ship into Arizona.

The "Pond Mega Store" link describing floating plants

Question: Plant feeding in the fall or winter months?  

Question: Where is the best place for my tropical marginal plants?  

Question: How often should I fertilize the aquatic plants in my water garden?

Question: Can I have too many plants in my pond?

Question: Is there a list of ideal bog plants?  


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Aeration

Question: What size of air bubbles should be used to provide aeration? Don't those bubbles provide the oxygen to the water as they rise?  

Question: Where is the best place in a pond system to add aeration?

Question: How much air should I add to my Koi Pond?  

Question: Do you reduce the amount of aeration during the winter?  

Question: What affects how much oxygen is stored in water?  

Question: What are solutions to the loss of power and hence the shutting off of aeration?  

Question: What affect does the location of the air pump have on my pond?  

Question: What is a trickle filter?


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Ponds

Question: Are there any safety issues to consider when cleaning a pond?  

Question: Are there any GPPS members doing Aquaponics in the Greater Phoenix area?  

Question: Are there any FAQs about Aquaponics for Arizona?  

Question: How can I control the pH in my Aquaponic System here in Phoenix?   Image of: Yellow New button

Question: What is the difference between Hydroponics and Aquaponics?  

Question: Does any member of the club have a Do It Yourself pond filter design?  

Question: Was there a GPPS presntation about Pond Leaks made at a recent meeting?  

Question: What should I have a pond sitter do for me while I am away on vacation?  

Question: Is there any way to check the pond water temperature from inside my home?"  

Question: What is the difference in flooming as a method of areation?"  

Question: What is the "new pond syndrome?"  

Question: Was there a GPPS presntation about Elevated bog into pond construction?  

Question: What are some pond construction ideas?  

Question: What is this I hear about water changes? What is the value?  

Question: How can I prevent algae growth?  
It is a common question. Algae spores are everywhere and if you have water, warmth, sunlight, and nutrients, you will grow algae. The trick is to starve the algae of light or nutrients.

Shading the pond can be the easiest.

Another deterent is UV light filter.

Lastly regular water changes assist in removing the nutrients from the pond.

Question: Barley straw for algae control?
The process of the barley straw decomposition is temperature dependent. It takes the straw longer to rot in lower water temps in turn causing it to take longer for it to become active.

Definition of year round pond operation is dependent on the climate.

Putting barley in my pond could start as early as mid-March or April, depending how early spring decides to arrive. And as late as July or August, again dependent on how long the first batch of barley lasts. That would be my definition of year round. In warmer climates a year could be close to even steven, adding barley every six months or so.

Centre For Ecology & Hydrology "Control of Algae wiht Barley Straw" Report

Question: What are pond liners?  

Question: What size of pond liner do I need to purchase for my pond?  

Question: How do I calculate the number of gallons of water are in my pond?  

Question: How do I determine the size of pump to feed my desired waterfall effect?  

Question: External Pond Pumps vs. Submersible Pond Pumps?  

Question: How often should the water turn over in the pond?  

Question: What determines if a filter is "gravity" or "pressurized"?  

Question: What's the difference between a UV Clarifier and a UV Sterilizer?  

Question: How much UV do I need for my pond?  

Question: Best and easiest way to seal a crack in hard shell liner?
It is easier to drape an EPDM liner inside the hard shell instead of trying to repair it.

Of course you have to remove the fish, plants, rocks, lights, etc.

Question: How can I keep Herons out of our pond -- and eating my fish?

Question: Will a pond cause mosquito problems in my yard?

Question: Pond Constrution FAQs?

Question: When should I add fish to my pond?

Question: I want to increase flow to my waterfall from 1,500 gph (gallon per hour) to almost 4,000 gph, what size pipe should I use?


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Fish

Question: I would like to learn more about goldfish, do you know of any websites?

Question: Can goldfish and koi cross breed and create hybred fish?

Question: How many Koi or Goldfish should I have in my pond?

Question: Doesn't the Phoenix summer heat over 110o F kill the fish?

Question: What are the fish feeding secrets?  

Question: What is a koi?
What are some of the Japanese names for the koi anatomy parts?
agi [ah' gi]:   means chin and side of face including the gill covers.
goke [go' ke]:   means fish scale.
hachi [ha'-chee]:   means head.
hada [ha' dah]:   means skin.
hana [hah-nah]:   means nose.
hire [hi' re]:   means fin.
kata [kah-tah]:   means shoulder - directly behind the head and above the te (pectoral fins).
kuchi [koo-chee]:   means lips.
me [meh]:   means eye.
men [men]:   means face.
odome [oh doe meh]:   before the tail fin where color stops and is white. Also known as "tail stop".
te [the]:   means hand - or pectoral fins.

What is a Tosai [toe-sigh]?   It's a one-year-old Koi.
What is a Nisai [nee-sigh]?   It's a two-year-old Koi.
What is a Sansai [sahn-sigh]?   It's a three-year-old Koi.
What is a Yonsai [yohn-sigh]?   It's a four-year-old Koi.
What is a Gosai [go-sigh]?   It's a five-year-old Koi.
What is Tategoi [tat' eh goy]?   Tategoi is a category given to koi that can improve and become higher quality which correlates directly to cost. As they grow, if deviations become apparent and they lose their status.
What is Taragoi [tah rah goy]?   A Taragoi is not necessarily a Tategoi, but a Tategoi is a Taragoi. Taragoi is a category given to koi that can become great IF one or several conditions are met.
What is a Gosanke [go' sahn keh]?   Gosanke are three of the first four classifications listed below, i.e., Kohaku, Sanke, and Showa.
Black is sumi and is pronounced   [soo - mee].
Bluish Grey - Sky is sora and is   [soh - ruh].
Green is midori and is pronounced   [mee - dohr - ee].
Indeigo Blue is ai is pronounced   [aye].
Red is hi and is pronounced   [hee], aka is pronounced   [ah - kah] or beni is pronounced   [beh - knee]. There can be "hard" or "soft" beni (darkness and vibrance of the red is hard - lighter red to orange is soft)
Yellow is ki and is pronounced   [kee].
Silver is Gin   [geen]
Gold is Kin   [keen]
Scales is Rin   [reen]
Ginrin is silver scales   [geen' reen]
Kinrin is gold scales   [keen' reen]
White is shiro and is pronounced   [sheer - oh].



The following text is basically retyped from the AKCA Koi ID poster. Most of the text is copied with some editorial changes made. Authorization to post copied text granted by Doug Dahl, AKCA, January 23, 2008.

Kohaku   [coh' ha coo] is a white fish with a red hi or beni   [beh - knee]) pattern(s). There are numerous patterns that have descriptive adjectives relating to the number of red areas and if there is zig-zag pattern.
One red spot on the head is a   Tancho albeit a   "Tancho Kohaku"
Two red spots or areas is   Nidan Kohaku.
Three red areas is a   Sandan Kohaku.
Four red spots is a   Yondan Kohaku.
Five red spots is a   Godan Kohaku.
No red on the head is   Bozu [bow' - zoo].
kohaku having one large, continuous red pattern is said to have   Ipponhi [ee pohn' hee]
A red zig-zag pattern continuous head to tail is a   Inazuma [een - a - zoo' - ma]   Kohaku and is a form of ipponhi.

Sashi [saa' she] is pronounced    - it is the leading edge of a step that is pinkish color created by white scales overlaping red scales.
Kiwa   [key wa'] is pronounced [kee-wah] - describes the sharpness and clarity of a step's sides and trailing edge.
Odome   [oh doe' meh] should be shiro in this area before the tail fin called also known as "tail stop"


Sanke   [sahn' keh] is a white fish with the red markings like kohaku and has additional black sumi spot or step patterns. These sumi spots could resemble the black pattern on the Shiro Bekko laid over a Kohaku's red and white pattern.


Bekko   [beck koh'] is a category of koi that has two colors -- sumi (black spot pattern) and a second color. The base color is the descriptive adjective of the name. They are like a Sanke minus the un-named color is absent, i.e., Shiro Bekko is Sanke minus red and Aka Bekko is Sanke minus white.

Shiro Bekko is a white fish with the black pattern stepping stones.
Aka Bekko is a red fish with the black pattern stepping stones.

Showa   [show' wah] is a black fish with the red and white markings like kohaku and has additional black (sumi) bands on the body with sumi on its head. These sumi wrapped bands are larger than Sanke and Bekko spots. It could resemble the black pattern of the Shiro Utsuuri laid over a Kohaku's red and white pattern, but with one exception of black on the head.


Utsuri   [ooth' sue ree] is a category of koi that has three -- two color combinations and it means reflections in Japanese. Sumi   (black) band pattern mirros on both sides along with a second color. The second color is the descriptive adjective of the name. They are like a Showa with black on the head.

Shiro Utsuri is a white fish with the black bands and black on the head.
Hi Utsuri is a red fish with the black bands and black on the head.
Ki Utsuri is a yellow fish with the black bands and black on the head.

Tancho   [than' ch-oh] is a category of koi that has one distinguishing mark. That mark is a red spot on the head with no other red on the fish. There are different versions of Tancho.

Tancho Kohaku is a white fish with the red spot on the head.
Tancho Sanke is a white fish with the red spot on the head and black stepping spots like a Sanke.
Black Tancho is a black fish with the red spot on the head.
Tancho Showa like a Showa with only the red spot on the head and black wrapped bands.

Goshiki   [go' she key] is a category of koi that has two styles -- Old Style and New Style.
Old Style is a red Kohaku pattern with Asagi net pattern.
New Style is a red Kohaku pattern with light Asagi net pattern.



Koromo   [ko' row mow] is a category of koi that has an edging over the Kohaku red pattern. There are three versions of Koromo.
Ai Goromo is a Kohaku with blue edging over red scales.
Sumi Goromo is a Kohaku with black edging over red scales.
Budo Goromo   [boo dough' go' row mow] is a Kohaku with blue grape like clusters over red scales.

Asagi   [ah' sah gee] is a blue reticulated net pattern fish with an orange underside.
  • Konjo - the scale is dark blue almost black (also referred to as Gunjo)
  • narumi - the scale is aqua marine blue with white edge
  • mizu - the scale is very light blue (this blue is close to the blue we're used to seeing on young shusui) water colored
  • taki - the back is lighter blue closer to mizu with white stripe down lateral line to divide the red belly from the blue back.
  • this white is remeniscent of a waterfall, hence the name.
  • reverse - dark blue scale with black edging. blue is between konjo and narumi.
  • source: Dick Benbow
Shusui   [shoe' swee] is a Doitsu Asagi with blue black dorsal scales, orange belly and checks.
Doitsu   [doyt' zoo] have either a line of large scales along their dorsal fin and lateral lines, or they have no scales at all and referred to as "leather carp"and are referred to a "mirror carp". Doitsu may be seen on the other classifications.

Doitsu Kujaku must have Kujaku [coo-j ya coo] scales along dorsal fin.
Doitsu Sanke must have doitsu scales along dorsal fin and/or lateral lines or be scaleless.
Doitsu Goshiki is probably new style goshiki with no scales.



Hikari   [hee' ca ree] Moyo [moy' oh] has metallic scales and multiple colors in the pattern.

Yamato Nishiki is a metalic sanke.
Kujyaku   [coo-j ya coo] is metalic white and orange with Matsuba netting.
Hariwake is metallic white with gold, orange or red markings.
Doitsu Hariwake is a doitsu vesion of Harawake with yellow pattern.
Kikusui is doitsu harawake with orange or red pattern.



Gin Rin as seen on:

Kohaku   koi with glittering scales (Kin is gold and Gin is silver).
Showa -- Kin Gin Rin Showa.
Tancho Gin Rin Tancho.
Goshiki Gin Rin Goshiki.
Platinum Ogon Gin Rin Platinum Ogon.

There is a Gin Rin that looks like cracked glass running laterally.
There are some koi with skin around the scales that give them the appearance as glass. Some breeders may represent that as gin rin Fukurin has two types. This name was taken from the term Fuku, meaning to 'cover 'or 'wrap'.



Hikari [hee' ca ree] Utsuri

Gin Shiro Utsuri metallic silver Utsuri.
Kin Hi Utsuri metallic red Utsuri.
Kin Ki Utsuri metallic yellow Utsuri.
Kin Showa metallic Showa.



Hikari Muji   [hee' ca ree moo' jee] (one color)

Platinum Ogon metallic solid white.
Yamabuki Ogon   [yah' ma boo key oh' gone] metallic solid yellow.
Kin Matsuba   black pine cone edging on scales.



Kawarigoi   (nine other below)

Kumonryu   [ku mohn' drue] Doitsu black with white markings, "Dragon Fish".
Beni Kumonryu Kumonryu with red markings.
Kikokuryu   [key coh coo' drue] metallic Kumonryu.
Kin   [keen] Kikokuryu   [key coh coo' drue] metallic Kumonryu with red or gold.
Haijiro black with white on dorsal, pectoral and tail fins.
Chagoi   [cha' goy] brown, tea, or green non-metallic koi.
Benigoi red non-metallic koi.
Karasu   [kah' rah sue] solid black often called a "Crow".
Ochibashigure   [oh' chee bah she goo reh'] brown markings on grey backgound.

Kego   [keh' goy]: Fry. Koi babies (fry) that have just been born. At first, they are so thin they are nearly invisible, and they do not look like Koi. Depending on body color, they are called:
Akako   [ah' ka koh] (red fry),
Kuroko   [coo row' koh] (black fry) - Only Kuroko will be selected in culling Kumonryu and Utsurimono like Showa. , or
Shiroko   [she' row koh] (white fry).
Kuchibeni   [coo' chee ben ee] Hi on the mouth and is called lipstick.
Kuchi Zumi   [coo' chee zoo mi] Sumi on the mouth like kuchibeni.

Question: Is there a way to determine the sex of a koi?

Question: Must I learn Japanese to keep koi?

Question: What is the differences between koi and longfin, butterfly, or dragon koi?

Question: How do you get koi to eat from your hand?

Question: How much do koi cost?

Question: Are goldfish and koi related?

Question: Can goldfish and koi be together in the same pond?  

Question: What are the types and varieties of goldfish?

Question: What causes my goldfish to swim upside down?

Question: What fish can help control algae?  

Question: Are there any native Arizona fish for my pond?

Question: I hear there is a small mosquito eating fish?

Question: What is the AKCA?

Question: What is the AGA?

Question: What is the GFSA?


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General Information

Question: Are there any pond tours in Phoenix or Tucson, AZ?"

Question: Is there any information or listing of other garden clubs in the Greater Phoenix area?"  

Question: Is there any information about streaming video for use with ponds?"  

Question: Where can I find 55 gallon plastic barrels in the Greater Phoenix area?"  

Question: Is there a table for conversion of coverage of material per bag, cubic foot, and tons of rock?  

Question: Do you know of a great source of Aquatic Information PDFs?  

Question:  What is the blue green color on some lanscape rocks seen around pond areas that is not turquoise?

Question:  Why Should I join a Koi club or water garden society?

Question: Can you list any "How To" libraries?


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Aquatic and other Critters

Question: Is there an exotic bird rescue service in the Phoenix area?  

Question: Is there another turtle that does well in Phoenix area?

Question: Why do I want a dark shelled turtle in the Greater Phoenix area?

Question: How old can a red-eared slider get?

Question: What is wrong with my turtle's shell?

Question: What is the difference between a turtle and a tortoise?

Question: I have had a predator attack my fish and apparently eat them because I find the skeleton and bones -- Any idea what this may be?

Question: I am afraid of attracting bees around my pond?

Question: Which aquatic plants do the bees like the most in a pond?

Question: Is there any information about Arizona and Sonoran Desert Toads?

Question: Is there any source of information about brine shrimp?

Question: Are there snails that eat algae? Is there a better snail for ponds?

Question: Is there a large snail for ponds that lays eggs and eats plants?

Question: How do you keep snails happy?

Question: Is there an organization that can inform me about desert reptiles? You know Arizona native snakes, lizards, turtles and tortoises!

Question: Why are reptiles called cold blooded?

Question: What are the temperature ranges for a red eared slider?

Question: Is there a web site for Arizona Reptiles and Amphibians?


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